Technology development began at a very high speed during the 20th century. Like many other fields of development, photography also saw major developments in its field. Photographic camera technology has experienced continuous improvement since 1913 when a 35 mm still camera was produced until 1985 when digital technology was first introduced in photography by Pixar.
Basically a digital camera is an electronic gadget that captures and stores photos in digital format without using film processing. The first true digital camera was launched in 1988 by the Fuji Company. This camera uses a memory card for storage purposes. The latest models of Digital Cameras can also record sound and video. This digital camera stores images on a small device called a CCD (Charge Coupled Device). From a digital camera the image can be transferred to a computer and the image can be edited with the help of software such as Adobe Photoshop.
Advantages of digital cameras
Ease of use: The main advantage of using a digital camera is that you don’t have to worry about buying films and replacing rolls. You can click on as many images as you want, transfer them to a computer, view them up close and only get good pictures after editing them thoroughly.
Editing options: Digital cameras allow you to edit photos the easiest way with the help of software. The color, brightness and contrast of photos can be adjusted and images can be cropped and resized as needed. This helps to optimize the photo resolution.
Economical: Digital cameras are economical in the sense that they eliminate film costs and processing costs. When pictures are taken in large quantities, the cost of the film saved works quite a lot.
Flexibility: You can see the photo you just clicked on the Digital Camera LCD screen and if you don’t like it, you can take the same.
Lack of a digital camera
Output quality: For professional reproduction purposes, conventional film cameras are still the best because digital cameras cannot match them in resolution quality and depth.
Initial Costs: Initial investment costs for digital cameras are higher than photo film cameras. The cost of a camera for home use ranges from US $ 150 to $ 1000 while the cost of a professional model may be as high as US $ 20,000.
Lower Speed: Digital cameras need time to save images that are not suitable for action photography that requires very fast clicks.
The quality of a digital camera depends greatly on optical features, color depth, resolution etc. When shopping for digital cameras we must be careful to follow.
High Resolution: The resolution of a digital camera depends on its capacity to store dots or pixels. The more pixels that can be stored, the higher the resolution. A camera with a capacity of 5 mega pixels or more is ideal for photography at home, while professional photographers might look for a capacity of more than 7 mega pixels.
Capacity: The capacity of a digital camera to store images is also very important. The camera has built-in memory capacity and an additional memory card slot for storing images. The cost of memory cards is high but nevertheless they are very important to serve storage purposes.
Bit Depth: This is related to the ability of color or the capacity of a digital camera to reproduce colors. A good camera can handle 24-bit color that meets the reach of the human eye.
Optics and zoom features: A good camera must have an optical zoom lens with automatic flash to produce better images.
Screen: A good LCD screen is important for digital cameras because it allows the user to flip through the pictures that have been taken.
Digital cameras are certainly becoming more and more popular in the modern era and are set to replace conventional ones for all public uses.